‘World Wildlife Day’ celebrated every year on 3 March. The main purpose of celebrating this Day is to raise awareness about the wild life and flora of the world.
World Wildlife Day’s History
The “Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora” adopted on 3 March 1973.
The United Nations General Assembly in its 68th session on 20 December 2013 declared ‘World Wildlife Day’ marking this convention. The proposal to celebrate this day was given by Thailand. World Wildlife Day celebrated for the first time in 2014.
Importance of World Wildlife Day
According to the Red List of Threatened Species issued by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), currently more than 8500 species of wild fauna and flora are critically endanger. In addition to these, more than 30,000 species of wild fauna and flora are considered endangered or vulnerable. So conservation of wildlife is necessary and it is our duty along with the government to protect the flora and fauna.
It’s believed that more than a million species art at risk of extinction in the next few years. Therefore, World Wildlife Day is celebrate on March 3 to draw attention to the conservation of endangered species. The day supports the restoration of wildlife habitats and their ecosystems.
Theme of world wildlife day
The theme for 2023 World Wild Life Day is ‘Partnerships for Wild life Conservation’.
- 2022: Restoration of key species for ecosystem restoration.
- 2021: Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet.
- 2020: “Sustaining Life on Earth”
- 2019: “Life Below Water: For People and Planet”.
- 2018: “Big Cats – Threatened by Predators”.
- 2017: “Hear the voice of youth”.
- 2016: “The future of wildlife is in our hands”, a sub-theme “The future of elephants is in our hands”.
- 2015: “It’s time to get serious about wildlife crime”.
Environment Policy of India
- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974
- Forest Conservation Act 1980
- Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981
- Environment Protection Act 1986
- Biological Diversity Act 2002
Apart from these, India has also signed several international projects and schemes with its neighboring countries.